Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Frog

                                       Frog



                                  Frog Tongues

Frog’s tongues are attached to the front of their mouths rather than at the back like humans.  When a frog catches an insect it throws its sticky tongue out of it’s mouth and wraps it around its prey.  The frog’s tongue then snaps back and throws the food down its throat.

                                Frog Sounds


Every different species of frog makes it’s own special sound and it is only the male frog that can croak.  They have a small sac in their throats that vibrates the air as they slowly let it out.
The sounds that frogs make are not what you’d expect.  Did you know that there are frogs that chirp? Others can whistle, croak, ribbit, peep, cluck, bark and grunt.


                                                Tadpole

Frogs begin their lives as tadpoles that are hatched in the water from tiny jelly-covered eggs.  The mother frog will lay thousands of eggs at one time.  Imagine having thousands of brothers and sisters!
The jelly has an awful taste, which protects the eggs from predators until they are ready to hatch.
Tadpoles are born with gills, just like a fish, so that they can breathe under water.  They have a big head and a long tail.  They definitely do not look like frogs, yet!  Tadpoles have a tough life.  It’s a good thing they are fast swimmers to escape the many other creatures that hunt them in the pond.  They are a favorite food to fish and water bettles.

                        Frog metamorphosis




                                           Frog Vs Toad

Many people don’t know the difference between frogs and toads.  They are quite different animals, although they belong to the same animal group.

Frog:


  • Need to live near water
  • Have smooth, moist skin that makes them look “slimy”
  • Have a narrow body 
  • Have higher, rounder, bulgier eyes
  • Have long hind legs
  • Take long jump
  • Have many predators


  • Frog

    Toad:



  • Do not need to live near water to survive
  • Have rough, dry, bumpy skin
  • Have a wider body
  • Have lower, football shaped eyes
  • Have shorter, less powerful hind legs
  • Will run or take small hops rather than jump
  • Do not have many predators.  Toad’s skin lets out a bitter taste and smell that burns the eyes and nostrils of its predators, much like a skunk does.



  • Toad











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