Wednesday, February 18, 2015

World of butterfly

                                     What are Butterflies?



Butterflies and moths come from the same group of insects, which is the order of Lepidoptera. The word Lepidoptera is derived from Greek, which means "scaly wings" or λεπίδος (scale) and πτερόν (wings). The beauty of butterflies is also recognised and appreciated by its wings through the variety of colours, patterns, sizes and shapes. Some butterflies such as the Blue Morpho has an iridescent blue coloured wings, which allows them to be known as the world's most beautiful butterfly.
Detailed Wings of ButterfliesEnlarged under a microscope :- scales on the wings of a butterfly.
These scales can detach from the wings easily upon touching them, which feels like fine powder on your fingers.



 

Similar to other insects, butterflies have 2 pairs of wings, 6 legs, 3 body parts (head, thorax & abdomen), a pair of antennae, compound eyes, a proboscis and an exoskeleton.

Lifecycle of a Butterfly

Butterflies undergo four stages in their lives, which is known as a complete metamorphosis.
  1. Egg
  2. Larva (Caterpillar)
  3. Pupa (Chrysalis)
  4. Imago (Adult Butterfly)



Common Butterflies of Malaysia

Troides helenaYellow Birdwing (Troides helena)
Parthenos sylviaThe Clipper (Parthenos sylvia)
Precis almanaPeacock Pansy (Junonia almana)
Papilio polytesCommon Mormon (Papilio polytes)
Papilio demoleusCommon Lime (Papilio demoleus)
Parantica aspasiaYellow Glassy Tiger (Parantica aspasia)
Idea leuconoePaper Kite / Rice Paper (Idea leuconoe)
Danaus chrysippus Leapord Lacewing (Cethosia cyane)
Doleschalia bisaltideAutumn Leaf (Doleschalia bisaltide)




Butterfly vs moth









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